Brazil has made great progress in recent years in the creation of public policies for women, mothers and children. With the implementation of the Unified Health System, the Unified Social Assistance System, the right to basic education and greater access to childcare centres, Brazilian children live in better conditions today than they did 30 years ago. Furthermore, the Criança Feliz (Happy Child) programme aims to promote the integral development of children through the strengthening of family skills, seeking to contribute to the breaking of the cycle of poverty, the reduction of violence, the reduction of truancy and other social benefits.
However, inequality persists in the country, and many poor families live in a situation of social risk and vulnerability. In this context, there is a great consensus on the need to invest in human development and economic growth, and in the fight against social inequalities, focusing on health, early childhood education and childcare, especially in early childhood, the age group from birth to six years.