A significant percentage of the population of Fiji still relies on wood and fossil fuels to meet their basic domestic energy needs. This places a strain on economies, human well-being and the environment. In Fiji, the practice of open fire cooking is widespread in rural villages and settlements. It is estimated that, on average, a family needs roughly two tons of fuel wood a year to cook three meals a day. These can be sourced from mangrove areas or logged from community forests. The burning increases greenhouse gas emissions in addition to creating challenges associated with land erosion and deforestation. The use of fuel wood exposing people to smoke from cooking, the extensive productive time lost collecting and processing traditional fuel wood, and forest and land degradation due to continued demand for wood for fuel have led to the improved cook stoves intervention in the country.