Pacific Small Island Developing States: Aviation Needs Analysis
Pacific Small Island Developing States: Aviation Needs Analysis
Supporting aviation safety and security, as well as air navigation capacity and efficiency

Challenges

The Pacific Small Island Developing States (PSIDS) are among the smallest and most remote countries in the world. They have a combined population of only 10millionpeople scattered across an area that covers 15 percent of the Earth’s surface. Their distinct challenges include remoteness, vulnerability to external shocks and natural disastersan excessive dependence on international trade, fragile environments and limited resources. Civil aviation is vital for PSIDS, especially for connectivity, socio-economic development and disaster relief efforts. Many of the PSIDS depend on tourism, and the majority of tourists arrive by air. Although most of the travel between the islands is only feasible by plane, air connectivity is not optimal. 

Towards a Solution

Recognizing the air connectivity challenges facing PSIDS, the 39thAssembly of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) proposed a study to identify and address the current challenges and needs of PSIDS in terms of aviation safety, air navigation and aviation security. The Pacific Small Island Developing States Aviation Needs Analysis (PSIDS Study) also identified potential options and opportunities to help address these civil aviation challenges. The main objective was to enhance the capabilities of PSIDS in a strong and resilient manner to benefit their sustainable development and improve their resilience to climate-related hazards. In addition to the resources provided by ICAO, the PSIDS Study was made possible by generous financial and in-kind contributions from Australia, Chile, China, Fiji, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. 

 

The analysis was conducted in the context of the 2030Agenda for Sustainable Development, the SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway and the SENDAI Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction20152030. It inventories vulnerabilities in air transport within the region and assesses how civil aviation could alleviate challenges facing PSIDS and support their sustainable development. It includes a comparative cost-benefit analysis of various forms of State regulatory oversight and assistance mechanisms. 

 

The PSIDS Study included several consultations with Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific Aviation Safety Office (PASO), the Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) Secretariat, United Nations offices in Suva and Fiji, the Association of South Pacific Airlines, the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank. The study team met with high-level officials from ministrieand Civil Aviation Authorities (CAAs) during on-site visits to 11 States. Representatives from the CAAs of Samoa and Vanuatu participated as observers in some on-site visits. States that were not visited were invited to meet with the Senior Advisor of the PSIDS Study to provide their views and inputs. These activities were made possible by the monetary and in-kind contributions made to the project. 

 

Based on the information gathered and the analyses performed within the study’s time and resource constraints, a total of 30recommendations have been formulated to be taken forward by the PSIDS, PIF and ICAO, as applicable. Some of the recommendations for ICAO aim to encourage assistance donors, training institutions and multilateral development banks to take further action to support PSIDS. The recommendations support a holistic approach to the development and implementation of a Pacific aviation road map to establish effective, sustainable and resilient aviation regulatory systems in the region. 

 

To ensure the project’s sustainability, ICAO is considering the designation of an ICAO Liaison Officer for Pacific Small Island Developing States. Thposition would provide support to PSIDS in delivering safe, secure and sustainable international civil aviation. The mandate of the Liaison Officer will be to facilitate coordination and cooperation, as well as strengthen communication and knowledge-sharing between ICAO and the PSIDS, PASO, PIF and other United Nations entities. The Liaison Officer will also facilitate the implementation of the recommendations from the PSIDS Study, with a view to stimulating and sustaining the effective implementation of safety and security standards and recommended practices in these States. 

 

Safe, reliable, cost-effective and environmentally responsible air transport is critical to achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). To illustrate just how essential a catalyst aviation is in the pursuit of the SDGs, ICAO mapped its work against them and found that its strategic objectives support 15of the 17SDGs. ICAO is committed to working in close cooperation with States and other United Nations bodies to achieve these sustainable development targets. 

Contact Information

Ms Thilly De Bodt, Acting Head, Strategic Planning, Coordination and Partnerships, International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO); | Mr Nicolas Rallo, Chief, Safety and Air Navigation Audit Section, ICAO

Countries involved

Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu

Supported by

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

Implementing Entities

International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

Project Status

Completed

Project Period

2019 - 2019

URL of the practice

https://bit.ly/3iAXkVL

Primary SDG

09 - Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

Secondary SDGs

01 - No Poverty, 02 - Zero Hunger, 03 - Good Health and Well-being, 08 - Decent Work and Economic Growth, 10 - Reduced Inequalities, 17 - Partnerships for the Goals

Similar Solutions

NAME OF SOLUTION Countries SDG Project Status

A Billion Brains: Smarter Children, Healthier Economies,” High Level Meeting on South-South Cooperation for Child Rights

Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu 17 - Partnerships for the Goals Ongoing View Details

A-Card Initiative

Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu 10 - Reduced Inequalities Completed View Details

Accelerating Digital Transformation in All Ministries in Bangladesh Promoting the rapid design and implementation of plans to digitize all ministries and subordinate government institutions in Bangladesh

Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu 10 - Reduced Inequalities Ongoing View Details

Accelerating SDG 9 Implementation in Latin America and the Caribbean through South-South and Triangular Cooperation, Networking and Partnerships A one-stop-shop for Latin American and Caribbean stakeholders to collaborate and speed up national actions on industrialization and innovation

Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production 17 - Partnerships for the Goals Ongoing View Details

Accelerator Labs Network Following collective intelligence methods to address emerging sustainability challenges and the growing demand for local solutions

Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia (Federated States of), Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu 08 - Decent Work and Economic Growth 13 - Climate Action Ongoing View Details