Pacific Climate Change Migration and Human Security Programme and SSTV (PCCMHS)
Pacific Climate Change Migration and Human Security Programme and SSTV (PCCMHS)
SDG 8- Climate-SIDS cooperation

Challenges

Pacific communities are affected by a range of sudden-onset and slow-onset hazards that are either made more intense, accelerated by or caused by climate change. This contributes to voluntary migration flows, but at the same time, increases displacement both internally and across borders.

Labour migration can contribute to climate resilience by increasing earnings which can be invested in better housing, savings and investment in small businesses. Nevertheless, challenges faced include lack of decent work during recruitment and employment, low levels of financial awareness and literacy (resulting for example in an estimated AUD 11.4 million (approx. US$ 8.8 million) in superannuation contributions not transferred as of mid-2019), adverse social impacts on families and communities left behind and a lack of policy and programme frameworks for reintegration.

To adapt to the impacts of climate change, some governments are supporting the movement of climate change-affected communities. At the International Labour Organization (ILO) Tripartite High-Level Forum on Climate Change and Decent Work in the Pacific (July 2019), Pacific Island countries acknowledged that well-governed labour migration has the potential to deliver a triple win, as well as promote climate resilience. However, the Forum recognized that labour migration should be a choice and is not a substitute for creating decent jobs in countries.

Towards a Solution

The adverse impacts of climate change compound existing challenges in Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and have placed additional burdens on their national budgets and their efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.

The programme “Enhancing protection and empowerment of migrants and communities affected by climate change and disasters in the Pacific region”, in short, PCCMHS (Pacific Climate Change Migration and Human Security) has three objectives:

  • Objective 1: Pacific communities and governments demonstrate strengthened capacity and coordination through a human security-based response to climate change and disaster-related migration, displacement, and planned relocation.
  • Objective 2: Migrants and communities in the Pacific Island Countries benefit from safe labour migration as a sustainable development and climate change adaptation strategy.
  • Objective 3: Contribute to the evidence-base on good practices in responding to climate change and disaster-related migration, displacement, and planned relocation with particular focus on the role of the human security framework.

The programme goal is to contribute towards the protection and empowerment of communities that are adversely affected by or at-risk of being affected by climate change and disasters in the Pacific region, focusing specifically on climate change-related migration, displacement and planned relocation. The programme is led by the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) alongside ILO, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), Platform on Disaster Displacement (PDD) and the Pacific Island Forum Secretariat (PIFS).

In 2020 under this programe a labour mobility training was organised for government officials from 11 Pacific Islands Countries and Territories: E-Academy on labour migration was held from 09 November- 18 December 2020, bringing on board 47 participants from 11 Pacific countries. The E-Academy on Labour Migration (e-LMA) offered participants a unique opportunity to benefit from a diversified training package, exploring fair and effective labour migration governance, linkages between migration and sustainable development, and instruments and mechanisms for protecting migrants and their families’ rights. The training also enabled participants to share experiences and ideas with peer officials from Pacific countries dealing with labour migration governance issues in the Pacific relating to climate change and relatedly increased South-South and triangular cooperation in the region.

A key area of work under the programme was a regional review of seasonal workers schemes. Data collection has been completed and once validated the results of the reviews will be shared with civil society organizations and employer and worker organizations in the region. Furthermore, consultations are planned with receiving states (Australia, New Zealand) and social partners to share the study results and promote compliance with international labour and human rights standards, including ratification of core migrant worker conventions. The reviews will make specific recommendations on how South-South and triangular cooperation can promote compliance with international labour and human rights standards.

The programme will continue to facilitate regional cooperation by involving all 11 ILO Pacific Member States, as well as worker and employer organization members from across the region, employing South-South and triangular cooperation approaches.

Contact Information

Angelica Neville Labour Mobility Officer ILO Office for Pacific Island Countries, International Labour Organization:

Countries involved

Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu

Supported by

ILO

Implementing Entities

ILO, ESCAP, OHCHR, IOM

Project Status

On-going

Project Period

1/2018 - 12/2022

URL of the practice

www.southsouthpoint.net

Primary SDG

08 - Decent Work and Economic Growth

Secondary SDGs

10 - Reduced Inequalities

Similar Solutions

NAME OF SOLUTION Countries SDG Project Status

A-Card Initiative

Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu 10 - Reduced Inequalities Completed View Details

Accelerating Digital Transformation in All Ministries in Bangladesh Promoting the rapid design and implementation of plans to digitize all ministries and subordinate government institutions in Bangladesh

Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu 10 - Reduced Inequalities Ongoing View Details

ADELANTE Programme Knowledge Bank Creating a public repository of triangular cooperation learning

Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu 01 - No Poverty 02 - Zero Hunger 03 - Good Health and Well-being 04 - Quality Education 05 - Gender Equality 08 - Decent Work and Economic Growth 09 - Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure 10 - Reduced Inequalities 11 - Sustainable Cities and Communities 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production 16 - Peace and Justice Strong Institutions Ongoing View Details

A Farm-to-Table Value Chain Approach Creating employment for youth in organic farming in Fiji and Vanuatu

Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu 02 - Zero Hunger Completed View Details

AfDB-Brazil South-South Cooperation Trust Fund A fund to promote South-South partnerships and knowledge-sharing among African countries

Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Tuvalu, Vanuatu 08 - Decent Work and Economic Growth 10 - Reduced Inequalities 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production 17 - Partnerships for the Goals Ongoing View Details